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2013-11-2 08:52|鿴:8267|:0|:С

ɺ

 

ɺ

 

ɺӢCoral reefʯɺĿγɵһֽṹṹԴӰΧ̬dzоɺڡdzǧ̼ɵɺĹǧγɵġɺΪදֲṩа桢嶯ࡢƤͼ׿ǶɺǴء

 

ɺ

 

ɺ

 

ѧ

 

ɺʯɺĿɺĹɵġЩҪɷ̼ƣCaCO3ɺĶ˲ϳɳȥɺĹϡˡζ۶Щɺʹɺ϶СɺĹҲ̼ɵģҲΪɺγףɺҪġ亣˱ȽǿĵطɺɵĽṹҪġһһؼӺɺΪɺṩṹǿȡɺɺıγ֦ƵĽṹӴɺ׿Ƕһǿɺǿȣֹ˴ݻ١Щ׿ɺıԵγһ㡣ṹ̫ƽdz

 

ʯɺڴ͸㣨ˮ50ףɺڲĵϸijܹйáЩͨΪɺṩӪɺˮеٶߡʵϣûйijɺٶȷdzܴﵽ͹۵Ľṹ

 

һɺˮͲˡԭǴɺ治ˮˮɺҲܳʱˮɺҪλԵɺһ㻺½ȻڽʯıԵͻȻɺҲˮ޻Ӫ³´лɺıԵͬʱҲܷ˳ǿĵطƻγһƽ⡣۶ϵɺ𽥼ɺĵػ

 

ɺ۸ӵĽṹΪ޼׵ṩ˶

 

 

ֲIJͬɺԷࣺˮɺȴɺ

 

ˮɺ

 

ʯɺҲˮ20 C³ɳͳɽȴɺDzʹΪҪԴʹΧˮӪȴɺЩɺdzŷغ뵺ֱǶһȦɺΧơγЩɺҪLophelia pertusaMadrepora oculata

 

͵ɺλˮ2001000֮䣬Ϊֵֹˮɺ3000סˮ4000ϵĵطûзЩɺ

 

ˮɺִܵIJ㼼вˮڼƻǧﻺɳɺ

 

ˮ³20Cĵ

 

ˮ³20Cĵ

 

ȴɺ

 

ȴɺɺֻˮ¸20 Cĵ档Щʯɺ干Ҫֵ⣬ˮ50ڵˮСȴɺһλڱγ30γ30֮䡣ȴɺԼΪ60ƽÿԼѻ6.4ڶֵ̼Ρ

 

ȴɺࣺ

 

ذγɵɺλڴ½ܵdzˮСڵˮӪʹЩɺܹýΪḻӪЩɺɺֲΪ

 

ɽγɵɺԶ½λɻɽγɵĵΧĺϣΧɺЩɺӪȽ٣ʯɺΪ

 

̬

 

ʽɺԷֶ̬

 

 

һɻɽΧȹݻɵġͨ𽥱ĥˮ£ֻʣһһĻ½³ͺҲγɻ26Ļɡ

 

ȹ

 

ȹŴ½ߵıԵγɡذɺȹȹγҪһڴˮ뺣ĵطѷӵ뺣ڣȹ޷γɡһԶȹӡ

 

ƽ

 

纣ƽ̹ġɺôܹγƽƽʱЩطˮ棬γɳ̲СЩɳ̲СֿγȹƽвγɽڲҲƽγɡ

 

 

λڴ½ܵıԵڴ½ܵdzˮ֮γһϡΪ½³ȹݻɡıǰĴǵ󱤽

 

ɺλ

 

ɺλ

 

ֲ

 

ȫɺΪ28.43ƽӡ-̫ƽ캣ӡ󡢶Ǻ̫ƽռ91.9%Ǿռ32.3%̫ƽ󣨰Ĵǣռ40.8%ձռȫ7.6%

 

ûɺߺ٣ԭҪǽ亣͵صˮ¡Ӱͻ˹̹ϼǺɺҲ١ϺϼȱɺԭΪӺдˮ뺣

 

ɺУ

 

ĴǵĴ󱤽ɺ

 

鶼˹ް̹ϵڶɺ

 

캣ɺ

 

̬ѧ

 

ɺλӪٵȴУǵԷdzߡɺ֮ӪѭͿֳ߶ԭֻͨкٵӪʧ̬⡣

 

ΪɺṩܵӪʡɺֱӴӺˮӪ޻סdzԱˮǸĸζɺijdzߡɺ߻ɺ湲ijͲͬĺڱȽСѧ

 

ȴɺסɺڣɫ޵㡢㡢ȸ㡣ɺʯ㡢ʯԡ¡ͷȵȡɺһ4000㡣

 

ҲɺΪңаࡢǻ桢׿Ƕ嶯ƤβߵȡⲸ鶯ɺżɺҪĵIJ鶯Щеֱӳɺijࡢˮݵȡǹһӵʳ

 

һЩ޼׵ɺʯڲЩܹʯЩסʯڲʹڵķ϶Сܹʯд򶴵Ķ桢˫嶯dz涯סԭжѨеĶ׿Ƕɳϡ

 

ڱǵɺĴ˴󱤽԰󱤽ʩƶƻжƻ

 

в

 

ɺ˵Ψһľ޴в½ϵȾ͹ɲ̶Щ̬ϵͳвֻɵƻҲһ⡣ó׵ʹ軯ѧҩ׽СֶΡŵȫůɵĹߵˮҲᵼɺ׻մȻЭĿǰȫɺƻٶȲϼӿ죬50ȫ70%ɺʧȴ˵ʧζһѡ2003޵д˿ԼʹϵͳķչɺӰķչָȻԴгȫ򻯣ɺԴȶȴԴöࡣ

 

Ŀǰѧ߻оضɺϵͳӰ졣ЩصбܳӺն̼ʼı仯ߵӰ졢ữɳԶɺĿԡͬȾȵȡɺܵв½ϵȾҲһ⡣

 

½ϷչȾ

 

ʹùȻ߹вɺڹȥ20Уںֵĺ·̡۽ȱƻЩܹ½ʧӪ½ʧӪںˮлᵼ͸ĴֳγɺҪӪٵĺˮҪֵ⡣Ӫƻ̬ϵͳڲƽ⡣ʪصɥʧͳೱӰɺҪˮʵء

 

ˮʲˮƺҲٽɺ洫ȾĴ

 

ҵȾкܳͭӰɺ

 

ó

 

ڱŷ޶ɺʹӡ-̫ƽʹ軯ﲶķ85%Ĺȡġʹ軯㣬Ȼ׵زȡǡʹֶβ㣬ʴ90%軯ɺ̬ϵͳƻҲܴɱɺ޼׵ͬʱͨ߶̬ϵͳƽ㱾Ͷɺвʱ˻ûɺ㣬Ǵӷ϶ӳƻɺȡڷ϶е㡣

 

ƶǴʹ軯ﲶռҪԭЩɱʹ軯ﲶ׽dzձǺϷģ40%ƶ¡ЩչйвֶֻβԼͼˡ

 

һֶɺƻ޴IJ㷽ʹըҩ㡣ʹһװصƿӡƿӱըʱˮһѡ֮㸡ˮϡڵһαըٽеڶαըȡʳ㡣ֶβըСһըɺɺȥɺĵطһƬĮûһɺ͸˵ɺеˡ

 

ɺ׻

 

19982004Ķŵкˮˮ³һɺ˰׻Щ˺󲿷ȾԴԶĵɺûָҲЩѧΪȫůɵɺչƵ2100ȫɺҵǰ35%

 

ɺ׻ԭԼȫůӰ죬ѧ绹кܴ顣

 

ȫƻ

 

ǵɺҪܵ㣨ʹ軯ըҩ̡ɳȾͰ׻вͨ󱣻ķʽͼЩɺӡӵ3.3ƽɺռȫ1/3ӡ1/4ЩɺڡЩɺܵƻԲ㡢޹ҵ仯µİ׻ƻ2000ӡ414ɺ۲վṩݱӡ6%ɺõ״̬24%״̬Լ70%ڶе״̬

 

ֵĹȫԼ10%ɺвԭӲ㼼ĻӰֱữɺ׻ҲһȫԵ⡣

 

Ͳ¼Ŭ˹ʡľڴͳԭֹһIJ㷽ɺܺĴСӦĸ

 

Ͳ¼Ŭ˹ʡľڴͳԭֹһIJ㷽ɺܺĴСӦĸ

 

ؽ

 

ȫ60%ɺܵɵвڶвرأ80%ɺΣ״̬

 

±

 

һԽԽ㷺ɵĴʩ±ڶǺȫ뺣±ҵͱ̬ͼЩ൱½ϵȻ԰Ұﲻ㡣±̬ĿģҲĿġּʹɺõָάۡӺͱԣԼƵ˵ľ״ʵ໥ìܵļͲԴѡ

 

ĿǰӡоŸ±41,129ƽһһıеоҪɹعһҪҡʡݺ͵ؾĹͬ



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